Posted: July 19th, 2023
Islam in the Age of Globalization
The three major religions in the 21st century are all Abrahamic in historical basis. These religions, Judaism, Islam and Christianity remain at the edge of political, social, and cultural issues, particularly now in that globalism has become so predominant. These religions are noted as Abrahamic because each uses the basic teachings of the Prophet Abraham in their general world view. All three faiths are monotheistic and together account for over half the world’s population, or combined in excess of 4 billion people. Within these three religions, despite much public disagreement, there are many areas of commonality (The Top 10 Organized Religions in the World, 1998). From a non-religious perspective, however, globalism has brought about some change in the perception of these religions based not necessarily on religion, but on marketing and consumerism.
One of the consequences of globalism in the world is the availability of a number of products and services from the Western world that are somewhat questionable in the Islamic culture. Outside the political sphere, many Muslims say that the forces of satellite TV, the Internet, certain movies, McDonald’s and other fast food restaurants may be problematical and not always equitable with traditional Muslim society (Shoher, 2011). Certainly, Muslims have consumer power and have, in the past, used boycotts to limit consumption of Coca Cola, Pepsi, Burger King, McDonalds, and even Proctor and Gamble products (Islamic Consumer Protest Hits West Where it Hurts, 2002). However, Western companies have a dual challenge, they must respect Islamic law, particularly food laws like halal, enter the Islamic market, increase market share for Muslims in other countries, and retain an appropriate profit that makes the idea of global markets justified (Food, Fashion and Faith, 2007).
In the past several decades, there has been a drastic change in the manner in which technology has become part of the Islamic world. Telecommunications technologies, satellite television and the Internet have connected the 1.2 billion Muslims around the world in a way never imagined. This connection, however, is not limited to connecting the Islamic community. The connection includes the Christian, Buddhist, and all other parts of the world as well. Islamic scholar Riaz Hassan notes that many call the connectivity between Muslims unmah, or increasing a sense of togetherness and belonging to a larger community. He notes that many conservative Muslims, particularly in Saudi Arabia, believe that unmah can make it easier to establish a pure strand of Islam worldwide; a position that creates tension and promotes more extremist thinking. In effect, though, Hassan notes that the only way to resolve this issue is to accept a “culturally and religiously differentiated unmah,” in which the effects of globalization are carefully integrated into Islamic society (Hassan, 2003).
Background to Islam
The Islamic religion is a Middle Eastern, Arabic Peninsula, based religion that originated right around the 7th c. And is based on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. The definition of the word Islam means “submission” in Arabic, and connotes the notion of a total surrender of oneself to God, Allah in the Arabic language. Individuals who practice Islam are known as Muslims, which, again in Arabic, means “one who submits to God.” The basic tenets of belief in Islam surround the words Allah revealed to the Prophet Muhammad within the holy text the Koran (Qur’an in Arabic). Muslims do not believe that Muhammad was the originator of Islam, but that it was he who brought back the original monotheism of Abraham, Moses, Jesus of Nazareth, and other Prophets from the Christian and Judaic Old Testament. Islam holds that these Prophets were seminal instruments of God’s word, but that both the Judaic and Christian traditions have misinterpreted the meaning of the word of God, altered the texts given to man by the Angels, introduced false interpretations of God and man’s place within the framework of God, or a combination of all (Nasr, 2002).
The locus of Islam surrounds the duties one must perform in order to solidify the individual’s relationship to God. We must remember, Islamic Law, like the Old Testament, was part of a vast oral tradition focused on an illiterate population. Law, then, was a way to organize society, culture, and all relevant aspects of life. The basic source of Islamic Law consists of the “Five Pillars of Islam,” which are five important tasks that unite all Muslims around the world. These duties are: 1) The Profession of One’s Faith (Shahada); 2) Giving to the Poor (Zakat) charity; 3) Fasting to honor one’s faith during high holy days (Sawm); 4) Ritual and regular prayer and contrition (Salah); and 5) A holy pilgrimage to the city of Mecca during one’s lifetime (Hajj) (Nasr).
There are five main paradigms that form the basis of Islam: God, the Koran, Muhammad, Angels, and then Humanity. It is also these tenets that become important when contrasting Islam with the Judaic or Christian tradition. For Islam, there is but one God, and his name is Allah — the shout from many an Arabic city multiple times per day. Islam does not view God as an entity, and the very nature of God is beyond comprehension to mankind, for Muslims, “God is the One and Only; God the Eternal, Absolute; He Begetteth not, nor is He Begotten, And there is none like unto Him” (Koran, 112:1-4). In contrast, the Judaic and Christian God is a wise, more paternal figure; judgmental and often cruel in the Torah and Old Testament; kind and forgiving in the New Testament. It is the task of mankind, however, to learn and to know God rather than simply view him as a far flung entity that is not involved in daily lives (Kamal-ud-din, 1990).
To understand the tie that Islam has for Muslims in different countries, and the contradictions between State and Religious law, we must have a brief understanding of Islamic Law. The basic belief system in Islam surrounds the words Allah revealed to the Prophet Muhammad within the holy text the Koran (Qur’an in Arabic). Judaic and Christian traditions have misinterpreted this, and altered the traditional texts given to Muhammad. The law then, or the 5 Pillars of faith, are requirements to complete the Islamic cycle of belief (Esposito, 2000).
In addition, Islamic law (Sharia) focuses on almost every aspect of life – there are the dietary laws, banking laws, welfare laws, criminal laws, and even warfare laws. Of course, over time and depending on geography, some of these laws have evolved, but in much of the Islamic world, many of the conservative tenets of Sharia are used as common law (Aslan, 2006, pp. 45-72). One of the differences in Islam between modern countries is the overall adherence to the Pillars. For instance, if one lives in the Middle East, Hajj is relatively easy; while it is difficult for an American Muslim to make the Holy Pilgrimage. The other pillars likewise need moderation depending on the cultural or political tradition of the area; it is difficult for children to fast, particularly in American schools; it is difficult to manage prayer time in a modern urban environment. Liberal Islam, though, takes these differences into account and provides ways to remain faithful within modern culture (www.islam.com; How to Live According to the 5 Pillars of Islam: The Foundation of Islam Cannot be Laid in a Day, 2008). This is important to note in that there are as many ways to bring the 5 Pillars into the individual’s life as there are individuals and will vary over time, geography, and even surrounding socio-political events.
Islam, while more unified than Christianity, is expressed different by country, by region, by generation, and even by family. There might be conservative Muslims in Detroit, or liberal Muslims in Cairo, the issue is more one of focus on the way the individual decides to adapt his spiritual views in the modern world. For example, Saudi Arabia is a true enigma for Islam. As the largest country of the Arabian Peninsula, it is also home to the two holiest places in all of Islam, Mecca and Medina — or “The Land of the Two Holy Mosques.” Saudi Arabia is the world’s largest exporter of oil, and accounts for 90% of exports and 75% of government revenues, causing a true Islamic welfare state. It is contradictory in some ways because the basic law of the country is the Koran, and Islam is seen as the basic way of life within the country. However, because of the economic ties to the West, the Saudi’s must often moderate their position in order to continue their own economic prosperity. The Saudis often use their vast wealth to fund Islamic organizations within other countries, in contrast to it drawing a significant portion of its labor from foreign countries. Saudi Arabia positions itself as the titular leader of the Islamic world, perhaps based on it being one of the richest of the countries. (Kepel, 2002).
The Challenges of Modern Islam
One very real effect of the global world of the 21st century is that of the nature of marketing and branding. In fact, marketing and branding bring the world together more than politics, culture, and even religion. From a marketing perspective, the Islamic market has been poorly understood, largely because of issues surrounding the dual nature of branding and religion. Part of marketing is giving the consumer what they want. The opening of Muslim markets combined with the rise in immigration of Muslims to Western countries is significant, particularly when combined with the influx of globalization on Muslim countries. Consumer product firms pay attention to these types of trends, in fact, “the global Muslim population is expected to increase at a rate of 35 per cent, rising to 2.2 billion by 2030, or 26.4 per cent of the world’s total projected population of 8.3 billion” (The Future of GLobal Muslim Populations, 2011).
In effect, particularly since 9/11, many misunderstandings and stereotypical judgments have been made on both sides of the Western/Islamic viewpoint. Mistrust and suspicion abound, and when combined with both the speed and intensity of globalization, one can easily see that there are issues in economics, political, and culture that affect not only the psychological of Islam decision makers, but those in the West who wish to invest in the Islamic World. This template does not exist in isolation, however, but moves both horizontally and vertically throughout Islamic society (El-Shibiny, 2005). In particular, though, we can see special challenges from globalization that affect the manner in which many Muslims view changes to their environment and culture because of the access to Western values and technology.
One way to understand the nature of modern Islam in different countries is to understand its affiliation and representation with globalization. Many see the idea of Islam as counter to globalization. In this, the view is that the dominant face of globalism is about expanding the economic side of culture (goods, capitalism, investment, etc.). Often, this is at the expense of the core cultural values of family, socialization, and spirituality. Some even see this as a way to expand capitalism into every aspect of Islamic life through the idea that the most entrepreneurial lead society. The Islamic world, however, has largely been low-tech and focused on a distinction between public and private, secularism and religion, and even the individual and the collective. Instead, though, of seeing globalization as a divisive issue within Islam, the question may become not whether globalization will impact Islam, but more which part of globalism Islamic societies choose to accept (Inayatullah, 2005).
Thus, it is not really a matter of whether globalization will continue to affect the Islamic world — that is a given fact. In 2003, for example, over 900 Muslim scholars and theologians met in Malaysia to ponder a simple question: what is the role of Islam in the era of globalization? Over 70 countries were represented, and through three days of intense debate and scholarly presentations one theme emerged: globalization has forced Islam into a crisis of introspection and the necessity to proactively deal with the Western world. Globalization is not, in and of itself, a negative. Instead, many see that Islam needs to make a clear distinction between “Americanization” and “Globalization.” Technology, for instance, is a tool, and may be used to enhance or detract, depending upon the individual or society. Islam can accept technology, world-trade, and the security that economic interdependence has on society while still maintaining strong spiritual and religious focus within the individual culture (Taheri, 2003)
The Top 10 Organized Religions in the World. (1998, August 4). The Christian Science Monitor, p. B2.
Islamic Consumer Protest Hits West Where it Hurts. (2002, November 7). Retrieved from The Guardian UK: http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2002/nov/07/internationalnews
Food, Fashion and Faith. (2007, August 2). Retrieved from The Economist: http://www.economist.com/node/9587818
How to Live According to the 5 Pillars of Islam: The Foundation of Islam Cannot be Laid in a Day. (2008). New York: Quick and Easy Guides.
The Future of GLobal Muslim Populations. (2011, January 27). Retrieved from PEW Forum on Religion and the Public Life: http://www.pewforum.org/The-Future-of-the-Global-Muslim-Population.aspx
Aslan, R. (2006). No God But God: The Origins, Evolution, and Future of Islam. New York: Random House.
El-Shibiny, M. (2005). The Threat of Globalization to Arab Islamic Culture. Pittsburg, PA: Dorrance Publishing.
Esposito, J. (Ed.). (2000). The Oxford History of Islam. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hassan, R. (2003, April 17). Globalization’s Challenge to Islam. Retrieved from Yale Global Online: http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/content/globalizations-challenge-islam
Inayatullah, S. (2005, March 20). Islamic Civilization in Globalization: From Islamic Futures to a Post-Western Civilization. Retrieved from Metafuture.org: http://www.metafuture.org/Articles/islamic-civilization-globalization.htm
Kamal-ud-din, K. (1990). The Fiver Pillars of Islam. New York: Kessinger Press.
Kepel, G. (2002). Jihad: The Trial of Political Islam. (A. Roberts, Trans.) Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Nasr, S. (2002). Islam: Religion, History and Civilization. New York: Harper.
Shoher, O. (2011, March). Samson Blinded. Retrieved from Samsonblinded.org: http://samsonblinded.org/israel/western-influence.html
Taheri, A. (2003, August 4). Addressing Challenges to Islam. Retrieved from IViews.com: http://www.iviews.com/articles/Articles.asp?ref=IV0307-2050
. Common Phrases
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!
Place an order in 3 easy steps. Takes less than 5 mins.