Posted: February 16th, 2022

Key components of shared decision making models



Decision-making Models Paper




Decision-making Models Paper

In the modern and current world, there are many decisions which are needed to be made especially in the education sector. The quality of a decision that is made matters in every context of the school community. Decisions made in a school community are essential as they are ensured to achieve a given objective which meets needs and demands of all stakeholders. In education and especially in schools, educators and the school management should be engaged in undertaking decision making choices whch will lead to guide attitudes and behavior of students and instructors. Most decisions made in a school are needed to ensure that performance and sharing of power is provided in a collaborative manner. The process of making decisions is critical and ensures to achieve rationality and full inclusion of all stakeholders. The need to ensure inclusive decision making is guided by the issue of allowing participation and engagement of all employees in a school community. Decisions made in a school are developed and created using different decision making models which are geared towards determining the possible solutions to given problems. It ensures to promote determination to correct behavior amongst students and teachers. Also, the choice of a decision model used in a school is based on the need to ensure willingness to allow change management. The paper will discuss the comparison of decision making models applied in schools between Vroom-Yetton-Jago decision making model and the state of Texas site based decision making model.

Comparison Of Site Based Decision Making Model And The Vroom-Yetton-Jago Decision Making Models

Site Based Decision Making Model

The site based decisions making model is defined as the process in which there is involvement of decentralization in making decisions. It ensures to achieve goals of improving outcomes in performance and promotion of positive outcomes in schools. The model applies a collaborative need for efforts where teachers and the school management are required to be engaged in making rational decisions that lead to good educational outcomes. The model is developed in a manner that allows for students to achieve more from the educational facilities. Besides, it has been created to ensure inclusivity of stakeholders in making rational decisions. The responsibility of making decisions is provided and based in the school community. As such, the stakeholders are required to make rational judgments which will improve the learning outcomes of students and children (Lieberman & Clayton, 2018).  The models applies elements whch includes training, development, analysis, planning, and evaluation. 

The decisions making model has to ensure that teachers, parents and students are involved in the decision-making process. Students are needed to play the role of ensuring to influence some policies which are applied to make decisions as they affect them directly. They provide the inputs required for changes and participation in the process. the purpose and the link of the model to students performance and good outcomes is based on the need to ensure that the school management is able to develop processes that lead to efficiency in terms of learning. The policies created when decisions are made affect aspects such as the curriculum, activities, teachers’ attitudes towards teaching a diverse community, and the application of respect to the existing culture of the school. By so doing, the learning outcomes of students is improved. The model has a framework that has teachers, students, parents and school committees. The district level committees are required to ensure that there is evaluation of teachers’ performance. The model misses a leadership style applied to make decisions and guide decision making process. 

The Vroom-Yetton-Jago Decision Making Model

In contrast, the Vroom-Yetton-Jago Decision Making Model is created and developed to ensure that it provides a basis for identifying a rational judgment method whch will be appalled to choose the best leadership style based on a given situation. The model was developed with concerns that there was no one decision model that would be applied in all given issues and challenges. It is appalled in institutions to guide decisions makers in choosing an appropriate decision making model that fits the current issues at hand. It provides codes which are used in given situations that occur in an environment. It was developed because it led to achieving best decisions to be applied in a given situation, to ensure team commitment, and reduce issues of giving ample period to make a decisions that is quality. The elements of the model are such as collaboration, quality of a decisions, and the need for time to make a judgement. 

In terms of the quality element of the model, it is required that all members of the decisions making team are to be engaged in choosing the right option and judgment in a given situation. It ensures to involve application of decentralization as it leads to good quality of the decision. The element of time is required to ensure that the school management is allowed to make quality decisions where more time is required to involve more members and teams to make a decision. Good decisions are made when the situation allows for collaborative decision making process where each member is needed to give input to the issue at hand. The model also allows for leadership styles to be chosen to guide on solving issues at hand. It ensures to apply styles which include, collaborative, consultative, and autocratic. The choice of the leadership style depends on the matter and situation needed to be solved (Lührs et al. 2018).  The model uses a framework that is based on a tree decision making process where the leadership style and followers are allowed to be engaged in a decision making process depending on the current situation. The model lacks decentralization of decision making process. 

Differences between a Framework and Decision Making Model

Decision making models are based on the use of structures that are required to make decisions in an organization. It ensures to involve participation of team members in making decisions. The teams’ members are required to have inputs to a given problem where a decision is required. It involves the application of rational and critical thinking so as to develop the best decision needed in a given situation. There is an established criteria that will be used to select the best course of action in a given situation (Bomhof-Roordink et al. 2019). It uses an evaluation criteria to test and check on the applicability and suitability of the decisions that have been made. In contrast, a framework is defined as the analysis where the cause/source of a problem is made using its effects to a given situation. By so doing, a choice is made from possible outcomes in a provided challenge and issue. They involve application of clear goals whch have to be met within a given period. Also, it allows for time to gather data and information that will be appalled to solve a given issue. The team members ensure to use and apply risk mitigation in the process of making a decisions. Team members are allowed to develop a scope of the problems which are found in a given situation. 



Bomhof-Roordink, H., Gärtner, F. R., Stiggelbout, A. M., & Pieterse, A. H. (2019). Key components of shared decision making models: a systematic review. BMJ open9(12), e031763.

Lieberman, D. S., & Clayton, J. K. (2018). Social capital, power, school-based decision making, and the teaching assignment process. Journal of Professional Capital and Community.

Lührs, N., Jager, N. W., Challies, E., & Newig, J. (2018). How participatory should environmental governance be? Testing the applicability of the Vroom-Yetton-Jago model in public environmental decision-making. Environmental management61(2), 249-262.



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