Posted: September 23rd, 2020

Background and Literature on Personality Scale

Background and Literature on Personality Scale

Competitiveness as a personality determines the course of life majorly the career an individual adopts. In light of this, a validation study of the competitiveness index test by Houston et al. (1991) occurred to assess competitiveness. The study focused majorly in determining the effectiveness of the competitive index (CI) in determining competitiveness in an individual or group. In the test, a total of 20 items test the overall interpersonal competitiveness of an individual presenting an overall score 0f 119. Additionally, the test measured the interpersonal ability to perceive competition within a cadre, for instance, through the inclusion of nurses and attorneys. The test included 20 items that were measured and graded according to agreement and disagreement on a subscale of 1 to 7 by the individual. On the other hand reverse items in the test were ll.

From the scale, it is evident that higher scores indicated a competitive individual while lower scores denoted a less competitive individual. From the assessment, it is evident that the test would be utilized in assessing the personalities of an individual and suitability to a career. To determine the effectiveness of the competitive index (CI), a total of 255 individuals partook the test (158 nurses and 97 attorneys). Regarding internal validity, the test contained a stable factor loading across the samples, ensuring that the data collected is valid.  External validity, on the other hand, was quantified by discriminant analysis to determine the ability of the CI in the prediction of occupation.

Regarding the comparison scale, there was an initiative to assess the attitude of the individual towards competition. The test tests 17 items concerning an individual perception of competition. In the test, there was a score of 71, which indicated a higher side that denoted that the attitude towards competition was good. Concerning reverse-scored items, elements 15 and 17 were reverse scored in the comparison scale.

Seminal Article

Houston, J. M., Farese, D. M., & La Du, T. J. (1992). Assessing competitiveness: A validation study of the competitiveness index. Personality and Individual Differences, 13(10), 1153-1156.

The excerpt determined to assess the effectiveness of the competitive index in quantifying competitiveness. The authors utilized a 20 item interpersonal assessment to assess competitiveness. A sample of 255 of individuals comprising of 158 nurses and 97 attorneys took part in the study. Following the review, the authors determined that nurses were more inclined to be less competitive as compared to more competitive attorneys. The research also outlined that there were concerns that most of the nurses are females which did not have an impact that would cause sampling deficiency.

Regarding reliability, the internal validity was measured and depicted a stable pattern of factor loading across samples. On the other hand, external validity was measured by a discriminant analysis to access the ability of the CI. However, in the excerpt, the authors denote that there is a need for further research to investigate the application of ci in exploring issues regarding person-environment fit.

Other Article

Riggs, S. A., & Riggs, D. S. (2011). Risk and resilience in military families experiencing deployment: the role of the family attachment network. Journal of family psychology25(5), 675.

The excerpt purposed to extensively denote the family attachment network model of military families in the event of deployment. Moreover, the paper also examined the re-integration of military personnel families based on attachment and family systems theory. The study utilized the family systems theory and attachment theory to explain the post-deployment and re-integration and family relations among the veterans. In the research, the researcher purposed to determine the assumptions of the network model and its influence in eluding posttraumatic stress disorder. From the study, the authors deduce that the network model of post-deployment and re-integration for veterans helps in evading PTSD.

Moreover, the article also outlines that childhood trauma is a precursor to the development of adulthood posttraumatic stress disorder. In the research, the author outlines that the network model, which is a new model is a superior approach to ensuring the eradication of PTSD among veterans. However, there was a need for future research to come up with more assumptions regarding the network model.



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